"The sniff of green leaves and dry leaves, and of the shore, and dark-color’d
sea-rocks, and of hay in the barn;"
of Grass Walt Whitman
and John on January 5, 2005
and John on October 4, 2004. This was their second day in a yoke
purchased Sam and John in October, 2004, from one of the best ox drovers
in America, Howie VanOrd, of Russell Pennsylvania. Sam and John are registered
American Milking Devon steers.
Devons are the oldest known British breeds in America. In 1623, two heifers
and a bull from north Devonshire, England,
were received by a member of the Plimoth Colony. They were the first importation
of cattle from Britain, although the Spanish had introduced cattle in the
south. Devons were then and still are prized for their intelligence and
quickness of foot.
I immediately found good support not only from Howie, but also from the
folks in the Mid-West Ox Drovers Association.
Currently Sam and John are " in
class" nearly every day and I am looking forward to taking them "on the
road." The plan is to utilize them in living history programs and in teaching
students to appreciate the role of oxen in the making of America.